جلد 13، شماره 4 - ( 9-1396 )                   جلد 13 شماره 4 صفحات 385-398 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها


XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Shayeghi H, Younesi A. An Online Q-learning Based Multi-Agent LFC for a Multi-Area Multi-Source Power System Including Distributed Energy Resources . IJEEE. 2017; 13 (4) :385-398
URL: http://ijeee.iust.ac.ir/article-1-1102-fa.html
An Online Q-learning Based Multi-Agent LFC for a Multi-Area Multi-Source Power System Including Distributed Energy Resources . . 1396; 13 (4) :385-398

URL: http://ijeee.iust.ac.ir/article-1-1102-fa.html


چکیده:   (848 مشاهده)

This paper presents an online two-stage Q-learning based multi-agent (MA) controller for load frequency control (LFC) in an interconnected multi-area multi-source power system integrated with distributed energy resources (DERs). The proposed control strategy consists of two stages. The first stage is employed a PID controller which its parameters are designed using sine cosine optimization (SCO) algorithm and are fixed. The second one is a reinforcement learning (RL) based supplementary controller that has a flexible structure and improves the output of the first stage adaptively based on the system dynamical behavior. Due to the use of RL paradigm integrated with PID controller in this strategy, it is called RL-PID controller. The primary motivation for the integration of RL technique with PID controller is to make the existing local controllers in the industry compatible to reduce the control efforts and system costs. This novel control strategy combines the advantages of the PID controller with adaptive behavior of MA to achieve the desired level of robust performance under different kind of uncertainties caused by stochastically power generation of DERs, plant operational condition changes, and physical nonlinearities of the system. The suggested decentralized controller is composed of the autonomous intelligent agents, who learn the optimal control policy from interaction with the system. These agents update their knowledge about the system dynamics continuously to achieve a good frequency oscillation damping under various severe disturbances without any knowledge of them. It leads to an adaptive control structure to solve LFC problem in the multi-source power system with stochastic DERs. The results of RL-PID controller in comparison to the traditional PID and fuzzy-PID controllers is verified in a multi-area power system integrated with DERs through some performance indices.

متن کامل [PDF 2272 kb]   (387 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: Research Paper | موضوع مقاله: 1-Power systems Control
دریافت: ۱۳۹۶/۳/۳ | پذیرش: ۱۳۹۶/۸/۱۴ | انتشار: ۱۳۹۶/۹/۱۰