Iranian Journal of Electrical & Electronic Engineering
http://ijeee.iust.ac.ir
Iranian Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering - Journal articles for year 2014, Volume 10, Number 2Yektaweb Collection - http://www.yektaweb.comen2014/6/11Design of Dual-Band Double Negative Metamaterials
http://ijeee.iust.ac.ir/browse.php?a_id=636&sid=1&slc_lang=en
A dual-band artificial magnetic material and then a dual-band double-negative metamaterial structure based on symmetric spiral resonators are presented. An approximate analytical model is used for the initial design of the proposed structures. The electromagnetic parameters of the proposed metamaterial structure retrieved using an advanced parameter retrieval method based on the causality principle show its dual-band nature at microwave frequencies.A. AbdolaliAnalysis and Improving the Security of the Scalar Costa Scheme against Known Message Attack
http://ijeee.iust.ac.ir/browse.php?a_id=591&sid=1&slc_lang=en
Unintentional attacks on watermarking schemes lead to degrade the watermarking channel, while intentional attacks try to access the watermarking channel. Therefore, watermarking schemes should be robust and secure against unintentional and intentional attacks respectively. Usual security attack on watermarking schemes is the Known Message Attack (KMA). Most popular watermarking scheme with structured codebook is the Scalar Costa Scheme (SCS). The main goal of this paper is to increase security and robustness of SCS in the KMA scenario. To do this, SCS model is extended to more general case. In this case, the usual assumption of an infinite Document to Watermark Ratio (DWR) is not applied. Moreover watermark is assumed to be an arbitrary function of the quantization noise without transgressing orthogonality as in the Costa’s construction. Also, this case is restricted to the structured codebooks. The fundamental trade-off is proved between security and robustness of Generalized SCS (GSCS) in the KMA scenario. Based on this trade-off and practical security attack on SCS, a new extension of SCS is proposed which is called Surjective-SCS (SSCS). In the absence of robustness attack, the SSCS has more security than SCS in the same DWR. However, the SSCS achieves more security and robustness than SCS only in low Watermark to Noise Ratio (WNR) regime or low rate communications.A. SeyedinOptimization of a Wideband Tapped-Delay Line Array Antenna
http://ijeee.iust.ac.ir/browse.php?a_id=631&sid=1&slc_lang=en
In this paper, an optimal approach to design wideband tapped-delay line (TDL) array antenna is proposed. This approach lets us control the array angular and frequency response over a wide frequency band. To this end, some design restrictions are defined and a multi-objective optimization problem is constructed by putting the individual restrictions together. The optimal weights of the TDL processor are determined through solving this multi-objective problem. A design example is presented to show performance of the proposed method and compare the array response with those previously published in the literature.N. NooriStabilization of Networked Control Systems with Variable Delays and Saturating Inputs
http://ijeee.iust.ac.ir/browse.php?a_id=616&sid=1&slc_lang=en
In this paper, improved conditions for the synthesis of static state-feedback controller are derived to stabilize networked control systems (NCSs) subject to actuator saturation. Both of the data packet latency and dropout which deteriorate the performance of the closed-loop system are considered in the NCS model via variable delays. Two different techniques are employed to incorporate actuator saturation in the system description. Utilizing Lyapunov-Krasovskii Theorem, delay-dependent conditions are obtained in terms of linear matrix inequalities (LMIs) to determine the static feedback gain. Moreover, an optimization problem is formulated in order to find the less conservative estimate for the region of attraction corresponding to different maximum allowable delays. Numerical examples are introduced to demonstrate the effectiveness and advantages of the proposed schemes. R. Mahboobi EsfanjaniExtending Operational Zone of Rotary Power Flow Controller by Controlling Tap-changers of Transformers
http://ijeee.iust.ac.ir/browse.php?a_id=612&sid=1&slc_lang=en
This paper proposes a method for extending the ability of rotary power flow controller (RPFC) using tap-changer of the RPFC’s transformers. A detailed model of the device is presented to analyze the effects of the tap changer operation on the performance of the RPFC. To evaluate the results, the RPFC model is simulated using PSCAD/EMTDC software. Dynamic operation of the RPFC on a 400 kV transmission line is studied. Based on the results, using tap-changer of transformers can extend the RPFC ability to control the active power of the transmission line about 25%.H. A. ShayanfarIntegrated Scheduling of Electric Vehicles and Demand Response Programs in a Smart Microgrid
http://ijeee.iust.ac.ir/browse.php?a_id=585&sid=1&slc_lang=en
Microgrid (MG) is one of the important blocks in the future smart distribution systems. The scheduling pattern of MGs affects distribution system operation. Also, the optimal scheduling of MGs will be result in reliable and economical operation of distribution system. In this paper, an operational planning model of a MG which considers multiple demand response (DR) programs is proposed. In the proposed approach, all types of loads can participate in demand response programs which will be considered in either energy or reserve scheduling. Also, the renewable distributed generation uncertainty is covered by reserve prepared by both DGs and loads. The novelty of this paper is the demand side participation in energy and reserve scheduling, simultaneously. Furthermore the energy and reserve scheduling is proposed for day-ahead and real-time. The proposed model was tested on a typical MG system in connected mode and the results show that running demand response programs will reduce total operation cost of MG and cause more efficient use of resources.Sh. JadidOnline State Space Model Parameter Estimation in Synchronous Machines
http://ijeee.iust.ac.ir/browse.php?a_id=546&sid=1&slc_lang=en
The purpose of this paper is to present a new approach based on the Least Squares Error method for estimating the unknown parameters of the nonlinear 3rd order synchronous generator model. The proposed method uses the mathematical relationships between the machine parameters and on-line input/output measurements to estimate the parameters of the nonlinear state space model. The field voltage is considered as the input and the rotor angle and the active power are considered as the generator outputs. In fact, the third order nonlinear state space model is converted to only two linear regression equations. Then, easy-implemented regression equations are used to estimate the unknown parameters of the nonlinear model.
The suggested approach is evaluated for a sample synchronous machine model. Estimated parameters are tested for different inputs at different operating conditions. The effect of noise is also considered in this study. Simulation results show that the proposed approach provides good accuracy for parameter estimation.
M. DehghaniDetermining Appropriate Buses and Networks for Applying Demand Side Management Programs by Structural Analysis of EENS
http://ijeee.iust.ac.ir/browse.php?a_id=617&sid=1&slc_lang=en
The main goal of this paper is to structurally analyze impact of DSM programs on reliability indices. A new approach is presented to structurally decompose reliability index Expected Energy Not Supplied (EENS) by using Monte Carlo simulation. EENS is decomposed into two terms. The first term indicates EENS which is caused by generation contingencies. The second term indicates EENS which is caused by transmission and generation contingencies. The proposed approach can be used to indicate appropriate buses for applying DSM. Furthermore, networks are studied at two levels HLI and HLII. Studies show that in some networks reliability indices are affected mostly at the HLI level. While in some other networks, reliability indices are influenced mostly at the HLII level. It means that in these networks, reliability indices are affected by transmission contingencies. Then, it is shown that the implementation of load shifting is effective in some networks and buses. These are the ones which their EENS is more influenced by generation contingencies. However it is not effective in the ones which their EENS is more influenced by transmission contingencies. The simulation results on the IEEE-RTS and Khorasan network show the efficiency of the proposed approach.H. Rajabi MashhadiInfluence of the Parameters of Disk Winding on the Impulse Voltage Distribution in Power Transformers
http://ijeee.iust.ac.ir/browse.php?a_id=600&sid=1&slc_lang=en
Overvoltage distribution along the transformer winding must be uniform to certify the safety of the operation of the power transformer. Influence of the parameters variation on the impulse voltage distribution (IVD) in disk winding transformer is going to be analyzed which hasn’t been analyzed on this type of winding in the previous papers. In this research, a transformer with disk winding and rectangular cross-section is analyzed. Equations for capacitances between winding turns and also equations for capacitances between turns and core are deduced. Noting that the relationships presented are dependent on the parameters of the transformer winding, so with changing these parameters, the capacitances of turn –turn and turn – core and finally the capacitances of total series and parallel of the winding will be changed. The purpose of this paper is to show the effect of the variations of these parameters on the IVD in disk winding of transformer. This paper, will assess how to change the parameters of disk winding in order to achieve a uniform initial IVD along the winding and to reduce the amplitude of impulse voltage fluctuations (AIVF) in winding and which parameters have more effect in making uniform the IVD on the disk winding.M. R. BesmiAnalysis of Grading Ring Design Parameters and Heat Sink Numbers Effect on Voltage Distribution and Leakage Current in Metal Oxide Surge Arrester
http://ijeee.iust.ac.ir/browse.php?a_id=580&sid=1&slc_lang=en
Metal oxide surge arresters (ZNO) are used widely in power system to protect equipments from over voltages. Non uniform potential distribution leads to the depressed service life and low safe reliability, so grading ring is applied on HV surge arrester order to uniform the electric field distribution. One of the problems of arresters is leakage current in power frequency that different parameters such as internal structure of varistors, heat sinks, grading ring can be influence on leakage current.
In this paper Maxwell and EMTP/ATP software has been applied to calculate the electric field, voltage distribution and leakage current in a high voltage surge arrester. First Maxwell is used to calculate the electric field and voltage distribution of a 230kV surge arrester with and without grading ring. Then equivalent circuit of surge arrester has been achieved by applying Maxwell software for 230kV surge arrester and extracting stray capacitances. The derived equivalent circuit has been simulated in EMTP/ATP software for evaluation of leakage current. Also in this work, the effect of grading ring dimensions and number of heat sinks on leakage current variation has been investigated. Results show grading ring dimension and heat sinks number impact on arrester leakage current.
M. Khodsuz