Iranian Journal of Electrical & Electronic Engineering
http://ijeee.iust.ac.ir
Iranian Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering - Journal articles for year 2015, Volume 11, Number 1Yektaweb Collection - http://www.yektaweb.comen2015/3/10Using a VIA-Less CRLH Transmission Line to Design Compact Wilkinson Power Dividers and Rat-Race Couplers
http://ijeee.iust.ac.ir/browse.php?a_id=732&sid=1&slc_lang=en
A method for design and implementation of a compact via-less Composite
Right/Left-Handed Transmission Line (CRLH TL) is presented. By introducing a new
circuit model, the CRLH transmission line behavior is studied versus the parameters
variations to achieve the desired characteristic impedance and electrical length. Then a
compact quarter wavelength CRLH transmission line with 70 Ω characteristic impedance is
designed as an example. Finally a very compact four way Wilkinson power divider and a
rat-race coupler are designed and fabricated by using this type of CRLH TL which exhibit
about 75% and 80% compactness, respectively.S. H SedighyA Novel DOA Estimation Approach for Unknown Coherent Source Groups with Coherent Signals
http://ijeee.iust.ac.ir/browse.php?a_id=671&sid=1&slc_lang=en
In this paper, a new combination of Minimum Description Length (MDL) or Eigenvalue Gradient Method (EGM), Joint Approximate Diagonalization of Eigenmatrices (JADE) and Modified Forward-Backward Linear Prediction (MFBLP) algorithms is proposed which determines the number of non-coherent source groups and estimates the Direction Of Arrivals (DOAs) of coherent signals in each group. First, the MDL/EGM algorithm determines the number of non-coherent signal groups, and then the JADE algorithm estimates the generalized steering vectors considering white/colored Gaussian noise. Finally, the MFBLP algorithm is applied to estimate DOAs of coherent signals in each group. A new Normalized Root Mean Square Error (NRMSE) is also proposed that introduces a more realistic metric to compare the performance of DOA estimation methods. Simulation results show that the proposed algorithm can resolve sources regardless of QAM modulation size. In addition, simulations in white/colored Gaussian noises show that the proposed algorithm outperforms the JADE-MUSIC algorithm in a wide range of Signal to Noise Ratios (SNRs).Sh. Shirvani MoghaddamDesign of Endlessly Single Mode Photonic Crystal Fibers with Desirable Properties using HC-EDA Algorithm
http://ijeee.iust.ac.ir/browse.php?a_id=736&sid=1&slc_lang=en
In this article, Hill Climbing (HC) and Estimation of Distribution Algorithm (EDA) are integrated to produce a hybrid intelligent algorithm for design of endlessly Single Mode Photonic Crystal Fibers (SMPCFs) structure with desired properties over the C communication band. In order to analyzing the fiber components, Finite Difference Frequency Domain (FDFD) solver is applied. In addition, a special cost function which simultaneously includes the confinement loss, dispersion and its slope is considered in the proposed optimization algorithm. The results revealed that the proposed method is a powerful tool for solving this optimization problem. The optimized PCF exhibits an ultra-low confinement loss and low dispersion at 1.55 µm wavelength with a nearly zero dispersion slope over the C communication band.M. PourmahyabadiThe Optimal Steering Control System using Imperialist Competitive Algorithm on Vehicles with Steer-by-Wire System
http://ijeee.iust.ac.ir/browse.php?a_id=735&sid=1&slc_lang=en
Steer-by-wire is the electrical steering systems on vehicles that are expected with the development of an optimal control system can improve the dynamic performance of the vehicle. This paper aims to optimize the control systems, namely Fuzzy Logic Control (FLC) and the Proportional, Integral and Derivative (PID) control on the vehicle steering system using Imperialist Competitive Algorithm (ICA). The control systems are built in a cascade, FLC to suppress errors in the lateral motion and the PID control to minimize the error in the yaw motion of the vehicle. FLC is built has two inputs (error and delta error) and single output. Each input and output consists of three Membership Function (MF) in the form of a triangular for language term "zero" and two trapezoidal for language term "negative" and "positive". In order to work optimally, each MF optimized using ICA to get the position and width of the most appropriate. Likewise, in the PID control, the constant at each Proportional, Integral and Derivative control also optimized using ICA, so there are six parameters of the control system are simultaneously optimized by ICA. Simulations performed on vehicle models with 10 Degree Of Freedom (DOF), the plant input using the variables of steering that expressed in the desired trajectory, and the plant outputs are lateral and yaw motion. The simulation results showed that the FLC-PID control system optimized by using ICA can maintain the movement of vehicle according to the desired trajectory with lower error and higher speed limits than optimized with Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO).F. HunainiStability Analysis of a Matrix Converter Drive: Effects of Input Filter Type and the Voltage Fed to the Modulation Algorithm
http://ijeee.iust.ac.ir/browse.php?a_id=606&sid=1&slc_lang=en
The matrix converter instability can cause a substantial distortion in the input currents and voltages which leads to the malfunction of the converter. This paper deals with the effects of input filter type, grid inductance, voltage fed to the modulation algorithm and the synchronous rotating digital filter time constant on the stability and performance of the matrix converter. The studies are carried out using eigenvalues of the linearized system and simulations. Two most common schemes for the input filter (LC and RLC) are analyzed. It is shown that by a proper choice of voltage input to the modulation algorithm, structure of the input filter and its parameters, the need for the digital filter for ensuring the stability can be resolved. Moreover, a detailed model of the system considering the switching effects is simulated and the results are used to validate the analytical outcomes. The agreement between simulation and analytical results implies that the system performance is not deteriorated by neglecting the nonlinear switching behavior of the converter. Hence, the eigenvalue analysis of the linearized system can be a proper indicator of the system stability.R. GhaziNonlinear Model of Tape Wound Core Transformers
http://ijeee.iust.ac.ir/browse.php?a_id=695&sid=1&slc_lang=en
Recently, tape wound cores due to their excellent magnetic properties, are widely used in different types of transformers. Performance prediction of these transformers needs an accurate model with ability to determine flux distribution within the core and magnetic loss. Spiral structure of tape wound cores affects the flux distribution and always cause complication of analysis. In this paper, a model based on reluctance networks method is presented for analysis of magnetic flux in wound cores. Using this model, distribution of longitudinal and transverse fluxes within the core can be determined. To consider the nonlinearity of the core, a dynamic hysteresis model is included in the presented model. Having flux density in different points of the core, magnetic losses can be calculated. To evaluate the validity of the model, results are compared with 2-D FEM simulations. In addition, a transformer designed for series-resonant converter and simulation results are compared with experimental measurements. Comparisons show accuracy of the model besides simplicity and fast convergenceA. VahediDesign of a Permanent-Magnet Synchronous Generator for a 2 MW Gearless Horizontal-Axis Wind Turbine According to its Capability Curves
http://ijeee.iust.ac.ir/browse.php?a_id=662&sid=1&slc_lang=en
Permanent-Magnet Synchronous Generators (PMSGs) exhibit high efficiency and power density, and have already been employed in gearless wind turbines. In the gearless wind turbines, due to the removal of the gearbox, the cogging torque is an important issue. Therefore, in this paper, at first, design of a Permanent-Magnet Synchronous Generator for a 2MW gearless horizontal-axis wind turbine, according to torque-speed and capability curves, is presented. For estimation of cogging torque in PMSGs, an analytical method is used. Performance and accuracy of this method is compared with the results of Finite Element Method (FEM). Considering the effect of dominant design parameters, cogging torque is efficiently reduced.A. KiyoumarsiEffects of Interruptible Load on Decision Making of a Distribution Company in Competitive Environments
http://ijeee.iust.ac.ir/browse.php?a_id=719&sid=1&slc_lang=en
The main goal of this paper is to present a new day-ahead energy acquisition model for a distribution company (Disco) in a competitive electricity market environment with Interruptible Load (IL). The work formulates the Disco energy acquisition model as a bi-level optimization problem with some of real issues, and then studies and designs a Genetic Algorithm (GA) of this optimization problem too. To achieve this goal, a novel two-step procedure is proposed. At the first step, a realistic model for an industrial interruptible load is introduced, and it is shown that Interruptible load model may affect the problem modeling and solving. At the second step, Disco energy acquisition program is formulated and solved with this realistic model. As a result, this paper shows energy acquisition programming model with ILs, by considering real assumptions. The introduced method shows a good performance of problem modeling and solving algorithm both in terms of solution quality and computational results. In addition, a case study is carried out considering a test system with some assumptions. Subsequently results show the general applicability of the proposed model with potential cost saving for the DiscoH. Rajabi mashhadiFrequency Estimation of Unbalanced Three-Phase Power System using a New LMS Algorithm
http://ijeee.iust.ac.ir/browse.php?a_id=691&sid=1&slc_lang=en
This paper presents a simple and easy implementable Least Mean Square (LMS) type approach for frequency estimation of three phase power system in an unbalanced condition. The proposed LMS type algorithm is based on a second order recursion for the complex voltage derived from Clarke's transformation which is proved in the paper. The proposed algorithm is real adaptive filter with real parameter (not complex) which can be efficiently implemented by DSP. In unbalanced situations, simulation experiments show the advantages and drawbacks of the proposed algorithm in comparison to Complex LMS (CLMS) and Augmented Complex LMS (ACLMS) methodsH. ZayyaniLeakage Current Analysis of Polymer and Porcelain Housed Metal Oxide Surge Arresters in Humid Ambient Conditions
http://ijeee.iust.ac.ir/browse.php?a_id=694&sid=1&slc_lang=en
This paper aims to measure and analyze of the leakage current of 20 kV polymer and porcelain metal oxide surge arresters under humid ambient conditions by applying different voltages to the arresters terminal. The characteristics of the leakage currents at that stage have been investigated when changes in the ambient humidity were introduced in an artificial fog chamber. It is assumed that magnitude of the noise level during the tests is constant. The frequency and resistive component peak efficient analysis can then be done on the leakage current signal. The idea behind this is to get indicators for investigating of surge arrester behavior in humid conditions. Two important indicators were obtained to evaluate the behavior of the surge arrester in humid conditionsM. Mirzaie