Volume 5, Issue 2 (June 2009)                   IJEEE 2009, 5(2): 112-121 | Back to browse issues page

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Mohammad Nejad S, Olyaee S. Unified Pulsed Laser Range Finder and Velocimeter using Ultra-Fast Time-To-Digital Converter. IJEEE. 2009; 5 (2) :112-121
URL: http://ijeee.iust.ac.ir/article-1-147-en.html
Abstract:   (10903 Views)
In this paper, we present a high accuracy laser range finder and velocimeter using ultra-fast time-to-digital converter (TDC). The system operation is based on the measuring the round-trip time of a narrow laser pulse. A low-dark current high-speed PIN photodiode is used to detect the triggered laser beam and to produce start signal. The pulsed laser diode generates 45W optical power at 30ns duration time and 905nm wavelength. A high-responsivity avalanche photodiode (APD) detects the reflected beam from the target. An optical head including beam splitter, lenses and optical filters is also designed and implemented. The signal conditioner of the system includes pre- and post-amplifiers, comparator, opto-isolators and monostable. By using a 3MV/W reach-through structure avalanche photodiode and a wideband pre-amplifier, the pre-amplifier output reaches 15.9mV, resulting from the minimum detectable optical power. The APD temperature and as a result its responsivity is controlled by a thermoelectric controller unit. The start and stop signals from PIN and APD are led to the time-to-digital converter to count the round-trip time of the laser beam. The system is tested by a retro-reflector as a target for 30-1200m distances. The resolutions of the distance and velocity measurement are limited to 18.75mm and 1.2m/s, respectively. In the worst condition, the minimum reflected optical power is limited to about 5.3nW in 1.2km distance.
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Type of Study: Research Paper | Subject: Electronic Components Technology
Received: 2009/05/31 | Revised: 2009/06/03 | Accepted: 2009/06/03

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