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Abbasi V, Hassanvand L, Gholami A. Investigating characteristics of N2, CO2 and CF3I in Contrast to High Current Arcs in Circuit Breakers to Choose a Suitable Substitute for SF6. IJEEE. 2017; 13 (3)

Abstract:   (59 Views)

Specific and sensitive operation of circuit breakers makes an individual position for them in power networks. Circuit breakers are at the central gravity of variations and execution operations. Therefore, an optimum operation is the main reason to investigate about new gases to be used in MV and HV circuit breakers instead of SF6. The arc process has enormous complexity because of hydrodynamic and electromagnetic combination equations, and that is the exact reason why most of the previous simulations were processed in two-dimension analysis. But, in this paper a three-dimension simulation with sufficient results has been fully discussed. Different evaluations on the other gases have taken under study in order to find a suitable substitute instead of SF6 gas, which can also bring an optimum operation for the breakers and can be even friendly with the environment. The simulations have been carried out based on the finite element method (FEM) and magneto-hydrodynamic equations. A three-dimension model under the transient state has been chosen in the simulations to find a feasible substitute for SF6 gas. The main factors of the analysis are threefold as follows: arc temperature on the different regions, the cooling ability and arc resistance. CO2, CF3I and N2 are nominated to substitute the SF6 gas and their effects on cooling ability, nozzle evaporation, contacts erosion and arc resistance will be discussed.

Type of Study: Research Paper | Subject: High- Voltage Engineering
Received: 2016/12/18 | Accepted: 2017/07/8 | Published: 2017/07/8

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