Volume 16, Issue 4 (December 2020)                   IJEEE 2020, 16(4): 559-572 | Back to browse issues page

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Ajoudani M, Sheikholeslami A, Zakariazadeh A. Modified Weighted Least Squares Method to Improve Active Distribution System State Estimation. IJEEE. 2020; 16 (4) :559-572
URL: http://ijeee.iust.ac.ir/article-1-1615-en.html
Abstract:   (1383 Views)
The development of communications and telecommunications infrastructure, followed by the extension of a new generation of smart distribution grids, has brought real-time control of distribution systems to electrical industry professionals’ attention. Also, the increasing use of distributed generation (DG) resources and the need for participation in the system voltage control, which is possible only with central control of the distribution system, has increased the importance of the real-time operation of distribution systems. In real-time operation of a power system, what is important is that since the grid information is limited, the overall grid status such as the voltage phasor in the buses, current in branches, the values of loads, etc. are specified to the grid operators. This can occur with an active distribution system state estimation (ADSSE) method. The conventional method in the state estimation of an active distribution system is the weighted least squares (WLS) method. This paper presents a new method to modify the error modeling in the WLS method and improve the accuracy SVs estimations by including load variations (LVs) during measurement intervals, transmission time of data to the information collection center, and calculation time of the state variables (SVs), as well as by adjusting the variance in the smart meters (SM). The proposed method is tested on an IEEE 34-bus standard distribution system, and the results are compared with the conventional method. The simulation results reveal that the proposed approach is robust and reduces the estimation error, thereby improving ADSSE accuracy compared with the conventional methods.
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  • The load variations in the time interval between two consecutive measurements and their transmission time to the SCADA are considered and the equation of error in the traditional WLS method is corrected.
  • Modifying the mean value and standard deviation employed in the ADSSE process which has led to improved state estimation accuracy.
  • Correction of the error covariance matrix in each iteration which increases the accuracy of the estimation.
  • There is no need to form the Gain matrix in each iteration, which increases the processing speed.

Type of Study: Research Paper | Subject: Distribution Systems Automation
Received: 2019/10/02 | Revised: 2019/11/21 | Accepted: 2019/11/29

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© 2021 by the authors. Licensee IUST, Tehran, Iran. This is an open access journal distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) license.