March                   Back to the articles list | Back to browse issues page


XML Print


Abstract:   (393 Views)
The Global Positioning System (GPS) is vulnerable to various deliberate and unintentional interferences. Therefore, identifying and coping with various interferences in this system is essential. This paper analyzes a method of reducing the dimensions of Cross Ambiguity Function (CAF) images in improving the identification of spoofing interference at the GPS using Multi-Layer Perceptron Neural Network (MLP NN) and Convolutional Neural Network (CNN). Using the proposed method reduces data complexity, which can reduce the number of learning data requirements. The simulation results indicate that, by applying the proposed image processing algorithm for different dimensions of CAF images, the CNN performs better than MLP NN in terms of training accuracy; the MLP NN is superior to CNN in terms of convergence speed of training. In addition, the results demonstrate that the operation of the proposed method is appropriate in the case of small-delay spoofed signals. Therefore, for the intervals above 0.25 code chip, the proposed method detects spoofing attacks with a correct detection probability close to one.
Full-Text [PDF 2652 kb]   (298 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research Paper | Subject: Automotive and Consumer Electronics
Received: 2022/07/03 | Revised: 2022/09/01 | Accepted: 2022/09/12

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
© 2022 by the authors. Licensee IUST, Tehran, Iran. This is an open access journal distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) license.