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Abstract:   (1097 Views)
This paper aims to establish an Arduino and IoT-based Hierarchical Multi-Agent System (HMAS) for management of loads’ side with incentive approach in a micro-grid. In this study, the performance of the proposed algorithm in a micro-grid has been verified. The micro-grid contains a battery energy storage system (BESS) and different types of loads known as residential consumer (RC), commercial consumer (CC), and industrial consumer (IC). The user interface on a smartphone directly communicates with the load management system via an integrated Ethernet Shield server which uses Wi-Fi communication protocol. Also, the communication between the Ethernet Shield and the Arduino microcontroller is based on Wi-Fi communication. A simulation model is developed in Java Agent Development Environment (JADE) for dynamic and effective energy administration, which takes an informed decision and chooses the most feasible action to stabilize, sustain, and enhance the micro-grid. Further, the environment variable is sensed through the Arduino microcontroller and sensors, and then given to the MAS agents in the IoT environment. The test results indicated that the system was able to effectively control and regulate the energy in the micro-grid.
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Type of Study: Research Paper | Subject: Demand Side Management
Received: 2018/12/14 | Accepted: 2019/04/01 | Published: 2019/04/02

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© 2020 by the authors. Licensee IUST, Tehran, Iran. This is an open access journal distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) license.